The Influenza Vaccine: Debunking the Myth
It’s that time of year: cold and influenza (the “flu”)
season! As our offices prepare for the fall/winter influx of sick patients,
we also stock up on our supply of flu vaccine. While we hope you take
us up on our offer to help your body fight off the flu this season, we
realize that many patients will refuse the vaccine. Try as we might, we
sometimes find it very difficult to correct some of the common misconceptions
about the flu and flu vaccine. Below, I discuss some of the typical concerns
I hear from my patients:
“The flu vaccine will make me sick.” This is the number one reason I hear from patients refusing vaccination.
The flu vaccine can take up to two weeks to be effective. We also give
the flu vaccine during the fall and winter season, when cold viruses are
predominant. Taking these two facts into account, if you get sick following
the flu vaccine, it’s likely either you were exposed to the flu
before the vaccine had the time to take full effect, or it was a different
virus that attacked you (see below for more on this.). Also, consider
the science behind the flu vaccine: the virus particle that is injected
is killed prior to you getting the shot. This means that it cannot cause
the flu. The exception to this is the intranasal form of flu vaccine,
which contains a live, weakened virus particle that is rapidly killed
in the warmer regions of your body. Therefore, it is possible to get mild
nasal symptoms at the site of inhalation.
“We’ve had the flu, and it wasn’t so bad.” Then it likely wasn’t the flu! The flu is much different from a cold.
While is does cause respiratory symptoms such as stuffy/runny nose and
coughing, those symptoms are much more severe with the flu and are accompanied
by headaches, body aches, severe tiredness, and high fevers. The complications
stemming from getting influenza can also be quite severe and include difficulty
breathing, dehydration, and pneumonia, all which may require hospitalization.
“It’s not safe.” It is very safe for patients without certain medical conditions. Talk
with your health care provider prior to receiving the vaccine to make
sure that it is safe for you to receive it.
“I hate shots! I’d rather get the flu than get a shot.” Again, then you probably don’t know how awful the flu can be! Consider
the intranasal influenza vaccine, if you qualify for it. There are no
needles involved, and it is quite effective.
Remember, too, that the flu vaccine does not provide 100% coverage, so
it is still possible to get the flu. But it does give your body a fighting
chance and significantly reduces the risk of becoming very ill. It also
prevents you from spreading the flu to young babies (<6 months old)
and people with weakened immune systems who cannot get the vaccine, which
is very important, as these people are more likely to get seriously ill
from the flu.
All Hoag Medical Group locations offer the flu shot, find a Hoag Medical
Group location near you.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: